Procedures and Descriptions

Root Canals

What is a root canal?

The pulp of your tooth, or the inside of it, contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue that can become diseased or infected over time. If left untreated, the damaged pulp is painful and can lead to tooth and bone loss.

A root canal repairs badly damaged teeth to avoid extraction. The procedure involves removing the tooth’s pulp, cleaning out the inside of your tooth to get rid of diseased areas, and filling and sealing it to prevent future damage.

Why might I require a root canal?

There’s no way to know for sure if you need a root canal until you see Dr. Copas for an exam and X-rays to determine the severity of your tooth damage. Signs and symptoms of a diseased or infected tooth that might require a root canal include:

• A crack in your tooth

• A deep cavity

• Swelling near your teeth, gums, or face

• A hole in your tooth

• Toothaches and pain

• Gum swelling

• Temperature sensitivity

"When in doubt, have your tooth or teeth evaluated by a dentist, rather than taking a chance at permanent damage or tooth loss. -"Dr. Mark H. Copas D.D.S."

What should I expect during a root canal?

During a root canal, Dr. Copas X-rays your teeth to determine the extent of the damage. He gives you a local anesthetic to make you feel comfortable during the procedure and places a dental dam, or rubberlike sheet, in your mouth to keep the tooth clean. Dr. Copas removes the decayed part of the tooth and the diseased or infected pulp inside.

He flushes and cleans the pulp chamber and clears it of infection before filling it with a special material and sealing it shut. If you require a large filling or your tooth is weak, Dr. Copas might place a crown, or artificial cap, over the tooth to strengthen it, protect it from future damage, and make it more aesthetically pleasing. He cements the crown permanently in place.

What happens after treatment?

During a root canal, Dr. Copas X-rays your teeth to determine the extent of the damage. He gives you a local anesthetic to make you feel comfortable during the procedure and places a dental dam, or rubberlike sheet, in your mouth when necessary to keep the tooth clean. Dr. Copas removes the decayed part of the tooth and the diseased or infected pulp inside.

Don’t neglect a toothache before it’s too late to save a severely damaged tooth. Call Family Dentist Mark H. Copas, DDS, for an appointment as soon as possible or use the online scheduler today.


What are dentures?

Dentures are artificial teeth that take the place of permanent teeth you’ve lost. They replace a portion of your teeth or all of your teeth and are removable or permanent depending on which type you choose. 

The benefits of wearing dentures include:

• Easier chewing

• Clearer speech

• Less shifting of adjacent teeth

• A beautiful smile

• Aesthetically pleasing facial contours

Replacing missing teeth with artificial dentures can give you the boost of confidence and attractive smile you deserve, which is perhaps the most important benefit of all.

What are the different types of dentures?

During your dental exam, Dr. Copas lets you know if you’re a good candidate for dentures and which type best matches your needs. Full dentures replace all of your teeth, and partial dentures replace some missing teeth when you still have natural teeth in your mouth. Dentures can be fixed (permanent) or removable. Examples include:

After your tooth removal and you heal from the procedure, Dr. Copas fits you for conventional (removable) dentures that perfectly mold to your gums for enhanced comfort. Sometimes it is possible to keep front teeth in place during denture construction, with tooth removal performed when dentures are ready to deliver.


Overdentures are dentures that fit over some remaining teeth that are still in place. Dr. Copas first prepares your existing teeth by reshaping them as needed so your new, custom-made dentures fit snugly over the natural teeth. Sometimes crowns are necessary on the teeth to be kept for support of the overdentures.

Dental Implants

Dental implants are an alternative to traditional dentures when you have one or more missing teeth. Implants are metal posts that get surgically placed into your jawbone, and support new replacement teeth after your jaw heals. Dr. Copas refers patients to trusted Oral Surgeons for implants, and, when necessary, to Prosthodontic specialists when a complicated case is best handled by a specialist.

How should I care for dentures?

It’s important to practice good oral hygiene when you have dentures, regardless of which type you choose. If you have removable dentures, brush your gums, the roof of your mouth, tongue, and cheeks twice a day using a fluoride toothpaste and soft-bristled brush. Brush your dentures daily as well to keep them clean and prevent staining. Dr. Copas might recommend special dentures-cleaning products for you.

It’s important to attend routine dental exams and cleanings, and contact Dr. Copas right away if your dentures fit poorly or get damaged.

Crowns and Bridges

What are crowns and bridges?

Crowns and bridges are dental restorations that repair teeth that are damaged, unsightly, or weak, or that need protection after a root canal or large filling.


Crowns are dental coverings, or caps, made of porcelain, ceramic, or other materials that look and feel like your natural teeth. They fit snugly over teeth to enhance their appearance and function. Crowns can also attach to dental implants, which are metal posts that get surgically placed within your jawbone if you have missing teeth.


Bridges help bridge the gap of one or more missing teeth. They are made of two crowns placed on the teeth on both sides of an empty gap, with an artificial tooth or teeth in between. Like crowns, bridges can also attach to dental implants.

You may need a crown or bridge if you experience some dental issues, such as teeth that are:

• Unsightly

• Misshapen

• Stained

• Damaged

• Weak

• Chipped

• Cracked

• Too small

• Worn down

• Missing

Crowns and bridges help strengthen teeth that have been treated for tooth decay. For example, if you’ve recently had a root canal or large filling, a crown protects the tooth from further damage.

What should I expect during the procedure?

While crowns and bridges are entirely different dental restorations, the treatment for them is similar. You’ll usually require multiple appointments to achieve the desired results. Your treatment plan is based on the severity of your condition and might include:

Traditional Crowns and Bridges

Traditional crown or bridge placement is usually a two-step process. During your first appointment, Dr. Copas prepares the teeth by removing some of the enamel and reshaping them as needed to fit your crown. Afterward, he takes an impression of your teeth so a dental lab can create your custom new teeth.

During a second appointment, Dr. Copas cements your crown or bridge to your natural teeth, where it remains permanently.

Implant Supported Crowns and Bridges

Implant supported crowns and bridges take more time, as you require surgical placement of metal posts within your jawbone. After the bone heals, Dr. Copas attaches your new crown or bridge to the implants.

How should I care for crowns and bridges?

Caring for a crown or bridge properly means attending routine professional cleanings and exams, brushing twice a day, and flossing daily. Avoid chewing on hard objects, such as hard candies and ice.


What are veneers?

Veneers are made of porcelain or composite resin materials and are a simple option for improving your smile when the appearance of your teeth is less than desirable. Veneers are thin coverings or shells, that cover your natural teeth to make them more aesthetically pleasing. They can drastically improve the appearance of teeth that are:

• Stained

• Chipped

• Cracked

• Worn down

• Too small

• Gapped

• Asymmetrical

Veneers are durable, functional, and long-lasting, and they look just like your natural teeth. They require less enamel removal than crowns or bridges and veneers don’t easily stain.

What should I expect during treatment?

After a thorough examination and X-rays, Dr. Copas makes sure your teeth and gums are healthy enough for veneers. To prepare your teeth, he removes a little bit of your tooth’s enamel and reshapes teeth if necessary to make room for the veneers.

He takes an impression of your mouth and sends it to a dental lab, where your custom-made veneers get created by specially trained technicians. You may have to wait several days during this process. During your next visit, Dr. Copas cleans your teeth and permanently bonds the veneers to them to perfect your smile.

Am I a good candidate for veneers?

Dr. Copas lets you know if you’re a good candidate for veneers after reviewing your medical history, completing a dental exam, and taking X-rays. He reviews potential risks and benefits with you and answers questions you have along the way.

In general, you should have healthy teeth and gums with no decay or gum disease to be a good candidate for veneers. If you do, Dr. Copas can treat these conditions prior to veneer placement.

How should I care for veneers?

Veneers can break under pressure, so avoid biting your nails or chewing on hard objects like ice or hard candies. If you clench or grind your teeth at night, wear a mouthguard to protect your new veneers.

Keep your teeth and gums clean by flossing daily, brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, and attending regular dental exams and professional cleanings.

Don’t let imperfect teeth ruin your beautiful smile and confidence. Call Family Dentist Mark H. Copas, DDS, to find out if veneers are right for you or schedule an appointment online today.

Teeth Whitening

What is teeth whitening?

Teeth whitening is a noninvasive cosmetic dental procedure that makes your teeth shades whiter after one or more treatments. It’s a simple process. Whitening products contain chemicals that break up stains into smaller pieces, making them less concentrated and appear whiter.

Dr. Copas lets you know if you’re a good candidate for professional whitening. Over-the-counter whitening products are also available, but you won’t achieve the same results as you do with professional-strength products.

What should I expect during teeth whitening?

The length of time it takes for teeth to achieve desired whiteness depends on which whitening products you choose. Dr. Copas might recommend:

In-office whitening

Some dentists offer in-office whitening.  While it is quick and effective, it does not allow for rest periods when sensitivity may occur.  

Dr. Copas believes that a whitening process which proceeds over time is best for most who desire whitening.

At-home whitening

Dr. Copas may recommend an at-home whitening kit in addition to an in-office treatment or by itself, depending on your preference. At-home whitening takes longer than in-office whitening, as the products aren’t as strong. For example, at-home treatment might take 1-2 weeks to achieve the desired results. Periodic maintenance whitening helps keep your teeth white.

How else can I keep my teeth white?

In addition to in-office or at-home teeth whitening treatments, there are a few other things you can do to maintain whiter teeth. Examples include:

• Use a whitening fluoride toothpaste

• Brush twice a day

• Floss daily

• Use a whitening mouth rinse

• Attend regular dental cleanings and checkups

• Don’t use tobacco products

• Reduce or eliminate foods that stain teeth

Soda, coffee, tea, juices, red wine, ice pops, and tomato products are examples of foods and drinks that can stain. If you do eat or drink these foods, brush your teeth right after consuming them to reduce tooth discoloration.

If stained teeth ruin your beautiful smile, you don’t have to live with it. 

Call Family Dentist Mark H. Copas, D.D.S., to schedule a teeth whitening treatment or book an appointment online.

How they describe the use of Dental Insurance

Dental insurance is intended to cover some, but not all of the cost of your dental care.  Most plans cover between 50 and 80% of services.  Some insurance plans include coinsurance provisions, a deductible, and certain other expenses which must be paid by the patient at the time services are rendered.  Reimbursement amounts are not, and have never been a guideline for quality care.

We can file most insurance claims for you.  Please bring your insurance plan information with you on your first visit.  We will work with you to ensure that you receive the maximum benefits to which you are entitled.

Don’t let missing teeth ruin your quality of life. Call Family Dentist Mark H. Copas, DDS, to learn more about dentures or schedule an appointment online today.

Please Note:  All insurance benefits and assignments are subject to verification and acceptance.  Some insurances have “in-network” fee schedules which may or may not be accepted depending on whether the dentist is contracted to the insurance provider.

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 14025-1/2, Farm to Market 2920, TOMBALL, TEXAS 77377